The Prairie style is an evolution of the Arts and Crafts style that influenced much of the architecture popular in the early part of the 20th century and was popularized by the early works of Frank Lloyd Wright. This style emphasizes an expression of the house’s structure in its form and detail.
Around 1905, architect Frank Lloyd Wright began exploring a new style: the Prairie style. He took 10 years to perfect it. The style’s low, horizontal roof lines are juxtaposed against narrow rectangular masses to create terraces and balconies.
Windows and doors exhibit an asymmetrical, but balanced composition. Windows are often grouped horizontally and are frequently oversized on the first floor. Windows are hung with multiple panes at the upper sash over a single pane sash. Prairie homes feature low pitched hip roofs and have large overhangs. Prairie houses can easily be clad in a variety of materials including brick, stucco and siding.
Essential Elements of the Prairie Style:
- Symmetrical or asymmetrical, well proportioned massings.
- Low-pitched typically hipped roofs with deep overhangs.
- Overall square/rectangular presence the facade composition will often be asymmetrical in arrangement of porch and window openings.
- Shed and gable dormers with exposed rafter ends and braces that duplicate the style of the main roof-wall junctions.
- Entry stoops and terraces extend the façade into the landscape.